Commentary on The Reading of the day provided by: 
Saint Caesarius of Arles (470-543), monk and Bishop
Sermon Morin 35 ; PLS IV, 303f.

Forgiving one’s brother from the heart

You know what we are going to say in prayer to God before coming to communion: “Forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us”.

Interiorly prepare yourself to forgive because you are about to meet up with these words in prayer.

How are you going to say them?

Are you perhaps not going to say them?

In the end that is very much the question: will you say these words, yes or no?

You hate your brother and will you utter the words: “Forgive us as we forgive”?

Are you going to say that you avoid these words?

But in that case, are you praying?

Pay close attention, my brethren.

In a moment you are going to pray; forgive from the heart!

Look at Christ suspended on the cross: listen to him praying: “Father, forgive them, for they do not know not what they are doing” (Lk 23:34).

Doubtless you will say: he was able to do it but I can’t.

I am a man but he is God.

You can’t imitate Christ?

Why then did the apostle Peter write: “Christ suffered for you, leaving you an example, so that you should follow in his steps” (1Pt 2:21)?

Why does the apostle Paul write: “Be imitators of God as beloved children” (Eph 5:1)?

Why did the Lord himself say: “Learn from me, for I am gentle and humble of heart” (Mt 11:29)?

We turn aside, we look for excuses when we claim to be impossible what we don’t want to do…

My brethren, don’t blame Christ for having given us commandments that are too difficult, impossible to fulfil.

Rather, let us say to him humbly together with the psalmist: “You are righteous, O Lord, and your judgements are right” (Ps 118:137).





(+ 561)

Saint David, son of Sant, Prince of Cardigan and of Non, was born in that country in the fifth century, and from his earliest years gave himself wholly to the service of God.

He began his religious life under St. Paulinus, a disciple of St. Germanus, Bishop of Auxerre, who had been sent to Britain by Pope St. Celestine to stop the ravages of the heresy of Pelagius, at that time abbot, as it is said, of Bangor.

On the reappearance of that heresy, in the beginning of the sixth century, the bishops assembled at Brevi, and, unable to address the people that came to hear the word of truth, sent for St. David from his cell to preach to them.

The Saint came, and it is related that, as he preached, the ground beneath his feet rose and became a hill, so that he was heard by an innumerable crowd.

The heresy fell under the sword of the Spirit, and the Saint was elected Bishop of Caerleon on the resignation of St. Dubricius; but he removed the see to Menevia, a lone and desert spot, where he might, with his monks, serve God away from the noise of the world.

He founded twelve monasteries, and governed his Church according to the canons sanctioned in Rome.

At last, when about eighty years of age, he laid himself down, knowing that his hour was come.

As his agony closed, our Lord stood before him in a vision, and the Saint cried out: “Take me up with Thee,” and so gave up his soul on Tuesday, March 1, 561.

(SOURCE: Lives of the Saints, by Alban Butler, Benziger Bros. ed. [1894])



“Peter approached Jesus and asked him, “Lord, if my brother sins against me, how often must I forgive him? As many as seven times?”

Jesus answered, “I say to you, not seven times but seventy-seven times.

That is why the kingdom of heaven may be likened to a king who decided to settle accounts with his servants.

When he began the accounting, a debtor was brought before him who owed him a huge amount.

Since he had no way of paying it back, his master ordered him to be sold, along with his wife, his children, and all his property, in payment of the debt.

At that, the servant fell down, did him homage, and said, ‘Be patient with me, and I will pay you back in full.’

Moved with compassion the master of that servant let him go and forgave him the loan.

When that servant had left, he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a much smaller amount.

He seized him and started to choke him, demanding, ‘Pay back what you owe.’

Falling to his knees, his fellow servant begged him, ‘Be patient with me, and I will pay you back.’

But he refused.

Instead, he had him put in prison until he paid back the debt.

Now when his fellow servants saw what had happened, they were deeply disturbed, and went to their master and reported the whole affair.

His master summoned him and said to him, ‘You wicked servant! I forgave you your entire debt because you begged me to.

Should you not have had pity on your fellow servant, as I had pity on you?’

Then in anger his master handed him over to the torturers until he should pay back the whole debt.

So will my heavenly Father do to you, unless each of you forgives his brother from his heart.”” – Matthew 18:21-35.